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Common names: Tinospora, Makabuhay, Boraphet
Scientific name: Tinospora rumphii
Family: Menispermaceae

Plant parts used

Roots and stem

Mode of Action



Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
Makabuhay water extract
(PCARRD, 2000)

200 grams of mature vines
1 liter of water
Mortar and pestle
Tap water

10-15 kg chopped vines are
sufficient to treat rice
seedlings needed to plant 1 ha


Chop vines into small pieces.
Pound thoroughly.
Add 1 liter of water.
Stir with bamboo or wooden

Soak rice seedlings
in the water extract
overnight before transplanting
or spray seedlings
before transplanting.

Diamondback moth
Rice blackbug
Rice green leafhopper
Rice stemborer
Makabuhay, Madre de
cacao, hot red pepper extract

(Stoer, P. 1997)

1 kg of Makabuhay vines
5 kg of Kakawate
2 cups of hot red pepper
1 tbsp of alcohol
3 glasses of coconut milk


Pound the first 3 ingredients.
Add 4 liters of water. n
Soak and strain.
Add the alcohol, coconut milk, and soap
as sticker.
Stir thoroughly.

For every liter of the extract,
add enough water to fill up
a 20-liter calibrated sprayer.
Spray on rice plants at weekly interval.
Spray early in the morning or
late in the afternoon.

Rice pests

Standard procedures for the preparation and application of the plant extracts

  1. Select plant parts that are free from diseases.
  2. When storing the plant parts for future usage, make sure that they are properly dried and are stored in an airy container (never use plastic container), away from direct sunlight and moisture. Make sure that they are free from molds before using them.
  3. Use utensils for the extract preparation that are not use for your food preparation and for drinking and cooking water containers. Clean properly all the utensils every time after using them.
  4. Do not have a direct contact with the crude extract while in the process of the preparation and during the application.
  5. Make sure that you place the plant extract out of reach of children and house pets while leaving it overnight.
  6. Harvest all the mature and ripe fruits before plant extract application.
  7. Always test the plant extract formulation on a few infested plants first before going into large scale spraying. When adding soap as an emulsifier, use a potash-based one.
  8. Wear protective clothing while applying the extract.
  9. Wash your hands after handling the plant extract.

Effect on humans

None known during the write-up, however take extra caution as extract maybe harmful to people with sensitive skin. Makabuhay is very bitter. n

Effect on non-target organisms

None known.

External links


 to the top        PAN Germany, OISAT; Email oisat@pan-germany.org