Mungbean is best grown after rice. Avoid planting mungbean after mungbean or mungbean after cabbage (or vice-versa) because toxic residues and disease organisms may be carried over to the next mungbean or cabbage crops (CABI, 2000).
Mungbeans do not generally need nitrogen fertilizers. Their nitrogen needs are met by nitrogen fixation in the plant root nodules, which provide the plant with all of the necessary nitrogen. In areas where mungbean has been grown for long periods, nitrogen fixing bacteria may be present in the soil already, making an artificial inoculation of the soil unnecessary. In new areas, where the crop has not been grown before, the seed should be inoculated before planting with a suitable culture of the Rhizobium organism (Oplinger, S.; et. al. (1997).
Fertilizer recommendations based on soil analysis
offer the very best chance of getting the right amount of fertilizer without over or under fertilizing. However, in the absence of a soil analysis, AVRDC suggests a general fertilizer recommendation: N-P2O5-K2O at the rate of 15-60-100 kg/ha. Mix these fertilizers, then broadcast and incorporate them into the soil before planting. Sidedress nitrogen at 15 kg/ha during the flowering stage (Lal; Kim; Shanmugasundaram; Kalb, 2001).
AVRDC has developed several mungbean with superior lines for production in the tropics and subtropics. These cultivars are early and uniformly maturing (55-65 days), high yielding, and disease resistant. AVRDC mungbean lines are; Chainat 60 -Thailand, BPI Mg7 - Philippines, and Merpati - Indonesia (Lal; Kim; Shanmugasundaram; Kalb, 2001).
- CABI. (2000): Crop protection compendium. Global module, 2nd edition. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
- CABI. (2004): Crop protection compendium. 2004 Edition. CAB International Publishing. Wallingford, UK.
- Department of Primary Industry (2004): Insect management in mungbeans. Queensland government. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/fieldcrops/8144.html
- Lal, G.; Kim, D.; Shanmugasundaram, S.; Kalb, T. (2001): Mungbean production. Insect Pest Management. AVRDC. http://www.avrdc.org.tw/LC/mungbean/production/ipm.html#4
- Oplinger, S.; et. al. (1997): Mungbean. Departments of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences and Cooperative Extension Service, University of Wisconsin–Madison http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/afcm/mungbean.html