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Photo by Jewel Kinilitan-Bissdorf


Scientific name: Camellia sinensis
Family: Theaceae

Growth stages 



For weeds and diseases please see further down on this page. For rodents, snails and slugs please click here 



Seedling Stage

Transplanted Seedlings  Tea mosquito bug
Tea tortrix

Vegetative Stage

Leaves  Leafhoppers (Jassids)
Spider mites
Tea mosquito bug
Tea tortrix

Reproductive Stage

Leaves   Tea mosquito bug
Tea tortrix

Maturation stage

Leaves   Tea mosquito bug
Tea tortrix






Tea is used as an intercrop for rubber at a ratio of 70% tea and 30% rubber. This cropping system is to protect the rubber trees from root damage during cold weather, reduce soil erosion, improve soil quality, and provide economic benefits to the small landholder farmers in China. The planting arrangement is: 2 rows of rubber trees with a planting distance of 2 m in between rows and 2.5 m in between hills and in between the rubber trees are 18 m of tea plants with a planting distance of 40-60 cm in between rows x 40-60 cm in between hills. Rubber trees should provide at least 30% shade to the tea plants to produce good quality tea leaves.

In addition, several crops are rotated like; sweet potatoes, corn, rice, pineapple, cassava, peanuts and other legumes, and traditional medicinal plants to make use of the available space at different elevations of the area.

Further information

Tea producing countries in Africa increased their tea production in 2004 by up to 19% due to the favorable weather conditions and the expansion of the processing capacity. Other countries that increased their production on the same year are China, Turkey, and Sri Lanka. Major producers, India and Bangladesh, declined their tea production due to unfavourable weather conditions and widespread recession.

The global harmonization and strict adherence of the food standards, particularly Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) and appropriate marketing strategies that includes market access, would improve the economic returns for the tea industry.

External links


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