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Custard apple

Common names of other Anonna species: Atis, Cherimoya, Soursop, Sweetsop
Scientific name: Annona spp.
Family: Annonaceae


picture discription
Photo by Jewel Kinilitan-Bissdorf

Plant parts used

Root, leaf, fruit, seeds (Prakash; Rao, 1997: pp. 22-26)

Mode of action

Insecticidal, antifeedant, repellent (Prakash; Rao, 1997: pp. 22-26)

Formulations

Materials  Method of preparation  How to use   Target pests 
Custard apple leaf extract
(Vijayalakshmi; et. al., 1998: pp. 1-12)

500 grams of fresh Custard apple leaves
12-17 liters of water
Pail
Bolo/knife
Cooking pot
Strainer





Boil leaves in 2 liters of
water until the remaining liquid is about liter.
Strain.





Dilute filtrate with
10-15 liters of water.
Fill the sprayer.
Spray on infested plants thoroughly.





Aphids
Brown plant hopper
Caterpillars
Coffee green scale
Cotton stainer
Diamondback moth
Grasshopper
Green bugs
Green leaf hopper
House fly

Custard apple seed extract
(Stoll, 2000: p. 103)

500 grams of finely
ground Custard apple seeds
20 liters of water
Pail/basin
Strainer
r




Add powdered seeds to water.
Leave to stand for 1-2 days.
Strain.




Spray on infested plants thoroughly.




Ants
Aphids
Custard apple seed oil extract
(HDRA, 2000)

Seeds from unripe fruit
Grinder
Water
Pail




Grind seeds to extract oil.




Dilute 1 part of oil in 20 parts of water.
Spray onto the infested plants thoroughly.


Powdered seeds (from dried mature seeds)
can be dusted directly to the infested plants
.





Diamondback moth pupae

Standard procedures for the preparation and application of the plant extracts

  1. Select plant parts that are free from diseases.
  2. When storing the plant parts for future usage, make sure that they are properly dried and are stored in an airy container (never use plastic container), away from direct sunlight and moisture. Make sure that they are free from molds before using them.
  3. Use utensils for the extract preparation that are not use for your food preparation and for drinking and cooking water containers. Clean properly all the utensils every time after using them.
  4. Do not have a direct contact with the crude extract while in the process of the preparation and during the application.
  5. Make sure that you place the plant extract out of reach of children and house pets while leaving it overnight.
  6. Harvest all the mature and ripe fruits before plant extract application.
  7. Always test the plant extract formulation on a few infested plants first before going into large scale spraying. When adding soap as an emulsifier, use a potash-based one.
  8. Wear protective clothing while applying the extract.
  9. Wash your hands after handling the plant extract.

Effect on humans

Powdered seeds cause painful irritation when in contact with the eyes.

Effect on non-target organisms

Dispose properly the presscake as it can be poisonous to animals.



External links


References


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